De kansen op conflict, mobilisatie en actie in een separatistisch proces

  • Liesbeth Hooghe


A scheme of analysis for separatism is proposed. Its purpose is twofold: to indicate the essential factors in a separatist process, and to explain the waves of active and « dead » separatist activity.
The central idea is the distinction between three dimensions in the separatist process : conflict, mobilization and collective action. Both dimension on its own is determined by certain factors. Conflict depends on contradictions of identity and interest structure between people and nation. Mobilization is primarily a function of the social, economic and political opportunities of the people as against the nation. Collective action is the result of the presence, strength and behaviour of the elite and social movement in people and nation.
Evolution from one dimension to the next one depends upon the factors of the dimensions involved and on a) the policy of the nation (and perhaps the people) and b) the societal changes caused by the modernization process.
Finally one can explain inactive and active periods by verifying the presence or absence of these nine factors. It seems then that there are false and real « dead » periods, and that some separatist activity has a sound basis white other has not.

How to Cite:

Hooghe, L., (1986) “De kansen op conflict, mobilisatie en actie in een separatistisch proces”, Res Publica 28(1), p.55-73. doi:

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Published on
30 Mar 1986
Peer Reviewed