Case Report

Localized steatitis as a complication after dystocia in a mare

Authors
  • E. Claes
  • C. De Schauwer
  • M. Hoogewijs
  • D. De Clercq
  • V. Saey
  • J. Govaere

Abstract

In this article, a case of localized steatitis is reported at the level of the perivaginal adipose tissue after dystocia in a mare. Although the mare initially recovered well postpartum, she died a few days later. At the second consultation, a knobby bump was present at both sides of the vaginal wall on vaginal examination. The intravaginal opening of these bumps was associated with the outflow of pus containing yellow-brown pieces of necrotic adipose tissue. Later on, steatitis at the level of the ligamentae vesicae and a bladder rupture were also observed at necropsy. These disorders probably accelerated the clinical symptoms resulting in shock. Generally, two types of steatitis are differentiated: localized and generalized steatitis. While only one fat depot is affected in the localized form, the disease involves several fat depots in the generalized form. Localized steatitis at the level of the perivaginal adipose tissue has not yet been described in the horse.

How to Cite:

Claes, E. & De Schauwer, C. & Hoogewijs, M. & De Clercq, D. & Saey, V. & Govaere, J., (2014) “Localized steatitis as a complication after dystocia in a mare”, Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 83(1), 36-41. doi: https://doi.org/10.21825/vdt.v83i1.16674

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Published on
26 Feb 2014
Peer Reviewed