Personality, core self-evaluation and communication skills seem to be more important than demographic variables in the development of LMX

Abstract

In this study, we were interested in studying Leader-Member-Exchange (LMX) theory. Specifically, we wanted to investigate the quality of LMX relationships with a group of experts; based on the evaluations of their subordinates. We looked at demographic variables like gender, level of education and age and how these were connected to the LMX relationship. We explored these questions with a questionnaire study with 278 employees and supervisors in an expert-organization of state administration. We found only few connections between demographic variables and LMX. Gender and education had some connections with LMX; with men reporting more perceived opportunities to participate in decision-making. There was also a connection between years of employment and approachability of supervisors. Theoretically our findings suggest that personality, core self-evaluation and communication skills may be more important than demographic variables in the development of LMX. Practically we suggest that LMX (and its parts: functional interaction, opportunities of participation and influence, approachability and value of expertise) should be developed at all levels in organizations.

How to Cite

Kariluoma, N., Heinonen, H., Rehnbäck, K., Vene, H., Keskinen, E. & Keskinen, S., (2016) “Personality, core self-evaluation and communication skills seem to be more important than demographic variables in the development of LMX”, EWOP in Practice 8(1), 50–66. doi: https://doi.org/10.21825/ewopinpractice.87097

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Nora Kariluoma (Gognitive-Behioural Therapy Center Arvo Turku)
Hanna Heinonen (Gognitive-Behioural Therapy Center Arvo Turku)
Katriina Rehnbäck (Occupational Health Care Laitila)
Hanna Vene (Rehabilitation Center Verve)
Esko Keskinen (University of Turku)
Soili Keskinen (University of Turku)

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