Psychological Problems of Polish Organizations in Transition


The purpose of this paper is identification of psychological problems, diagnosis of workers´ ideas and initiatives aimed at solving those problems, and diagnosis of readiness of workers to change. There is an assumption that organizational behaviour is multilevel, involves multiple variables, and requires multivariate measurement. In this paper I ask questions about the level of different psychosocial and emotional dimensions, the main problems experienced by organization members, and the greatest barriers in the process of change. I also examine what should be done to solve existing problems. I constructed and used the Organizational Assessment Questionnaire (OAQ) that is composed of 15 sections and 190 questions covering different sectors of organizational functioning. The OAQ was completed by 432 workers from organizations in the highly industrialised Upper Silesia region of Poland. On the basis of OAQ, interviews and discussions with employees I divided the results into positive and negative factors. Positive factors are those that can be treated as opportunities; employees’ emotional engagement and self-perceptions of competence and ambition. Negative factors were psychological barriers in the process of organizational transition; functioning in area of HRM that badly need to be changed. In conclusion I proposed some solutions in the area of Human Resources, management trust and workers’ self- assessment.

How to Cite

Kożusznik, B., (2007) “Psychological Problems of Polish Organizations in Transition”, EWOP in Practice 1(1), 30–37. doi:







Barbara Kożusznik orcid logo (University of Silesia)



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