Author Guidelines

  1. The maximal length for articles is 7500 words (including endnotes); reviews count between 1000 and 2500 words
  2. Texts should be in a 11-point font, left-aligned and single-spaced. Try to divide your text in paragraphs of moderate length (ca. twenty lines at most).
  3. Use no more than one level of subtitles.
  4. British spelling should be used throughout, e.g. prefering ‘ise’ over ‘ize’.
  5. Quotations are put between single quotation marks, only using double marks for quotations within quotations. Use no marks for quotations exceeding fifty words, but instead include them as a separate, indented block of text. Square brackets announce author comments (‘[sic]’) or any modification of the original quotation (‘[…]’).
  6. Use single spaces. Punctuation marks (other than brackets, dashes or quotation marks) are never preceded by a space.
  7. Give dates in full, for example ‘1 February 1995’. In notes, however, dates should be abbreviated, for example ‘1/2/1995’. Do not use apostrophes in decades, for example ‘1930s’.
  8. Numbers under 101 and all multiples of hundred, thousand, million etc. should be spelt out, with the exception of percentages. In numbers of four figures or more, commas should be used. Decimals are punctuated with a full point.
  9. Words originally written in characters other than Latin should be converted as to make them intelligible for all readers. Offer translations where needed.
  10. Names of cities and towns can be given in their original language. When giving a place of publication in references, however, they should be translated in English.
  11. First names should be given in full and not as an initial, and this whenever a person is first mentioned. Unless mistakes are possible, use only last names further on.
  12. Avoid the use of abbreviations, with the exception of titles and organisations (for example UNPO, UDB, PM …)
  13. Use italics rather than underlining, and only for emphasising and for non-English words and concepts (for example ‘Realpolitik’, ‘Risorgimento’, ‘duma’).
  14. Endnote numbers are always placed at the end of a sentence, after the full stop: ‘[…] people.17’ and not ‘[…] people17.’.

Endnotes mention references to all relevant publications, archival materials and other sources. Multiple references are separated by a semicolon (‘;’). Capitals should be used sparingly.


  • list up til three authors; authors (or editors) beyond that number are not given in full but are replaced by ‘e.a.’; in later references, no more than two authors should be mentioned, otherwise naming only the first one and replacing the others by ‘e.a.’

First reference:

  • Budde, S. Conrad & O. Janz (eds.), Transnationale Geschichte. Themen, Tendenzen und Theorien (Göttingen, 2006).
  • Held, A. McGrew, D. Goldblatt e.a., Global transformations. Politics, economics and culture (Cambridge, 1999) 328-329.
  • Savoy, Patrimoine annexé. Les biens culturels saisis par la France en Allemagne autour de 1800 (Passages – Passagen, 5) 2 vol.
  • D. Smith, Nationalism. Theory, ideology, history (Cambridge, 2005) 81-83.

Subsequent references:

  • Budde e.a., Transnationale Geschichte.
  • Held e.a., Global transformations, 336-338.
  • Savoy, Patrimoine annexé, vol. 1, 279-282.
  • Smith, Nationalism, 97.


    First reference:

    • Keane, ‘Nations, nationalism and European citizens’, in: S. Periwal (ed.), Nations of nationalism (Budapest - London - New York, 1995) 182-207 (195-196).
    • A. Armstrong, ‘Postcommunism and nationalism’, in: M. Guiberneau & J. Hutchinson (eds.), Understanding nationalism (Cambridge - Malden, 2001) 182-206 (191).

    Subsequent references:

    • Keane, ‘Nations’, 187.
    • Armstrong, ‘Postcommunism’, 200-204.


    First reference:
    • Benjamin, The arcades project, ed. H. Eiland & K. McLaughlin (Cambridge, 2002).
     Subsequent references:
    • Benjamin, The arcades project, 118-123.


    First reference:

    • Hall, ‘Nationalism and historicity’, in: Nations and nationalism, 3/1 (1997) 3-24 (3-4).
    • Vertovec, ‘Migrant transnationalism and modes of transformation’, in: International migration review, 38/3 (2004) 970-1001 (980-981).
     Subsequent references:

    • Hall, ‘Nationalism’, 17.
    • Vertovec, ‘Migrant transnationalism’, 970-973 and 978.


    • Hazefira, 14/2/1918.
    • Le peuple wallon. Organe démocratique, 24/3/1918.


    First reference:

    • I. Papadakis, Perception of history and collective identity. A study of contemporary Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot nationalism (PhD diss., University of Cambridge, 1993) 162-164.
    Subsequent references:
    • Papadakis, Perception, 47.

    > City, archival institution, collection number/name, place within collection: description, date.

    First reference:
    • Antwerp, Archief en Documentatiecentrum van het Vlaams-Nationalisme [ADVN], AC528 Algemeen Nederlands Zangverbond, D13316: letter from Van Elslande to Van den Bossche, 19/4/1963.
    Subsequent references:
    • ADVN, AC528, D13369: minutes, 15/4/1976.

    Bibliographical section

    The same rules as for references apply, with one notable exception: author/editor’s last names precede their initials.

    Review section

    Caspar Hirschi, The origins of nationalism. An alternative history from ancient Rome to early modern Germany (Cambridge - New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011) xiv + 242 pp., ill., ISBN 9780521764117.


    The ISAD(G) standards are to be used.