When comparing Basque and Catalan nationalism, research has often focused the very visible ideological and political differences between the two movements. This paper puts forward an alternative perspective, grounded in the comparative analysis of the discourse produced by the Catalan Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC) and the Partido Nacionalista Vasco (PNV) during the 1930s. Its main argument is that these two parties led parallel and essentially similar nation-building processes directly linked to the achievement of home rule and the establishment of national institutions. The article also addresses how these processes were affected by the different Basque and Catalan political contexts, and by the final challenge posed by the Spanish Civil War.
Keywords: nation-building, hegemony, nationalism, Catalonia, Basque Country
How to Cite:
Hervalejo Sánchez, P., (2021) “The challenges of stateless nation-building. Comparing the paths of ERC and the PNV (1930-1939)”, Studies on National Movements 8(1), 17. doi: https://doi.org/10.21825/snm.85316