Articles

De fysiocratie : toonaangevend politiek en sociaal-economisch stelsel in het Frankrijk van de XVIIIde eeuw

Author
  • Pieter De Meyere

Abstract

In France the XVIIIth century was characterized by the Enlightenment as a philosophical phenomenon and Physiocracy as an expression of new economic thinking. But the Physiocrats were not merely a school of economic thought; they were also a school of political action. Kings, princes and high public servants were among their pupils. The great French Revolution itself was influenced by their writings. And the force of their work is still not wholly sprent. In order to appreciate the theory and significance of the Physiocracy it is necessary to take into account the circumstances of its time. Physiocracy is a doctrine which esteems that agriculture is of more importance than industry and commerce. In this article following subjects of the physiocratic doctrine are dealt with : the natural order, property and liberty ; the relations between the government and the individual citizen ; the theory of the produit net and the Tableau Economique of François Quesnay. The evaluation also includes the question about the expansion of Physiocracy. Indeed, it had many followers in several countries of Europe and was also the first real School of economic thinking. By its systematic approach, Physiocracy established the economy as a science. All the aspects of Physiocracy which have been mentioned above are intimately bound together and are in several aspects the economic precursor of the French Revolution.

How to Cite:

De Meyere, P., (1979) “De fysiocratie : toonaangevend politiek en sociaal-economisch stelsel in het Frankrijk van de XVIIIde eeuw”, Res Publica 21(3), p.495-513. doi: https://doi.org/10.21825/rp.v21i3.19406

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Published on
29 Sep 1979
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