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Noodzaak en overwicht van de politieke partij in de polyarchie : Analyse van de structurele en actionele determinanten van de particratie in België

Author
  • Wilfried Dewachter

Abstract

The Belgian polyarchy has developed into a «particracy» in which the political parties have a preponderant impact on the political decisionmaking.
As in every polyarchy, the political parties fulfill a set of vital functions in the Belgian system. But that does not explain its «particratie» particularity. The particracy arises as a consequence of four factors. The parties are fixed by the «zuilen» (pillars) into an «internal-imperialistic» role. The power of the parties increased considerably, an increase of which the politization of the instruments for, and the agencies of, policy is one of the most important, together with the capability of making and unmaking issues. The impact and power of the opponents of the parties in the decision-making process have been diminished to a considerable extent. This weakening involves the king, the parliament, the
administration, the electorate, and, ultimately, the cabinet because of the growing impact of the parties on policy design and policy output as well as on the appointment of ministers. Finally, the choice of the consociational pattern of politics of accomodation by the elite indicates the instrumental function of particracy in Belgian politics.

How to Cite:

Dewachter, W., (1981) “Noodzaak en overwicht van de politieke partij in de polyarchie : Analyse van de structurele en actionele determinanten van de particratie in België”, Res Publica 23(1), p.125-151. doi: https://doi.org/10.21825/rp.v23i1.20462

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Published on
30 Mar 1981
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