Flame retardency

3A2_0542_ RADIOGRAFTING OF PHOSPHORUS FLAME RETARDANTS ON FLAX FABRICS: COMPETITION BETWEEN HOMOPOLYMERIZATION AND GRAFTING

Authors
  • R. Hajj
  • R. El Hage
  • R. Sonnier
  • B. Otazaghine
  • B. Gallard
  • M. Nakhl
  • Jose-Marie Lopez-Cuesta

Abstract

Many natural fibers have been used for a long time in textile industry as cotton and flax [1]. Moreover, naturalfibers are getting more importance in composites industry as a substitute for glass, carbon, or aramid fibers [2,3]. However, they must be modified to overcome some disadvantages such as flammability [4]. In previous studies [4, 5], phosphorus flame retardants (FR) were grafted on flax fabrics by e-beam radiation. In the present study, the reactivity of the double bond C=C of the P-monomers under e-beam radiation was investigated to control the grafting yield of various FR. Two phenomena are competitive during radiation step. The P-monomerscan be grafted directly on the flax components or can homopolymerize inside the fibers. Phosphorus content reached 1.4 wt% using vinyl phosphonic acid. Grafting efficiency was assessed by X-ray fluorescence, Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (EDX) / Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. Fire behavior of the modified fabrics was studied using thermogravimetric analysis, pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry and a preliminary fire test. Self-extinguishing and non-flammable fabrics were obtained for phosphorus content of 0.5 wt% and 1.2 wt% respectively.

How to Cite:

Hajj, R. & El Hage, R. & Sonnier, R. & Otazaghine, B. & Gallard, B. & Nakhl, M. & Lopez-Cuesta, J., (2019) “3A2_0542_ RADIOGRAFTING OF PHOSPHORUS FLAME RETARDANTS ON FLAX FABRICS: COMPETITION BETWEEN HOMOPOLYMERIZATION AND GRAFTING”, Proceedings of the 19th World Textile Conference - Autex 2019 , p.1.

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Published on
13 Aug 2019
Peer Reviewed